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How do you know if someone is suffering from Specific Learning Disability?

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Learning that your dear one has a learning impairment might be a hard pill to swallow. However, it is critical to note that this does not imply that the individual is not intelligent. Even if the individual is bright, they may have some cognitive issues.

A specific level of brain dysfunction defines a specific learning disability in receiving, analyzing, storing, and processing information. It is a neurological disorder that affects an individual’s ability to write, read, communicate, listen, analyze, spell, or make mathematical calculations.

It starts early in life, and if not addressed early on, a kid with a learning impairment will grow up to become an adult with learning disabilities. These difficulties are caused by neurological or genetic causes that impede one and sometimes more cognitive learning processes.

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Furthermore, these processing issues can impair basic and higher-level skills like time management, organization, abstract thinking, long- and short-term memory, and attentiveness.

However, because difficulties with reading, writing, and math calculations are visible from the early school years, it is advisable to seek specific learning disability treatment at that time. Here’s a rundown of the five different types of Learning Disabilities and how to spot them:

Dysgraphia

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This neurological condition impairs a child’s ability to write and fine motor abilities. When a youngster develops Dysgraphia, it is difficult for him to write. They may have trouble grasping pen or pencil and constructing letters, and others may be unable to produce text due to a lack of spatial awareness.

The signs and symptoms are:

  • Incorrectly holding a pen or pencil
  • Sloppy handwriting
  • Grammatical errors

Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning challenge that plagues a child’s ability to interpret auditory and visual information. It is a disorder where the child has difficulty understanding text and voice. Reading, writing, and talking will be difficult and stressful for your child with dyslexia. It’s a disorder that can affect kids who have perfect eyesight and intelligence.

The signs and symptoms are:

  • Difficulty spelling words
  • Having trouble understanding what they are reading
  • Identification of similarities and differences between letters or words is difficult
  • Having trouble memorizing the sequences

Dyspraxia

It’s a type of developmental coordination impairment in which a person’s words and phrases get mixed up while speaking. Language understanding does not complement language production in individuals with Dyspraxia, causing them to function less efficiently than expected. The person who’s been afflicted may lack hand-eye coordination.

The signs and symptoms are:

  • Awkward posture
  • Hand-eye coordination issues
  • Problems with balance and mobility
  • Having trouble picking up new abilities

Dyscalculia

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It is typical for people to despise mathematics and have difficulty understanding mathematical problems, but they will ultimately master it with enough repetition. People with this specific learning disability, on the other hand, have trouble understanding numbers and even basic math concepts. Dyscalculia affects approximately 3% to 6% of the population.

The signs and symptoms are:

  • Analog clocks are difficult to read
  • Addition, multiplication, and mental arithmetic is difficult
  • It’s difficult to identify which of the two integers is larger
  • Directions, time, and remembering sequences of events are all issues

Developmental Aphasia

Aphasia is a major disorder caused by brain injury (most usually caused by a stroke) instead of developmental delay. It affects people’s capacity to communicate and understand language and their ability to read and write, this affects especially the elderly.

The signs and symptoms are:

  • Speak and write incomprehensible sentences
  • Speak in an unfamiliar manner
  • Unable to comprehend what people are saying
  • Sentences are incomplete and short
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